LIMA, Peru (AP) — More than 400 dead dolphins were found last month on the Pacific Ocean beaches of northern Peru where twice that amount were encountered in 2012, officials said Monday.
Authorities never established the cause of the deaths in 2012. They are doing autopsies on the latest dolphins found during January in the Lambayeque region on the northern coast.
Technician Jaime de la Cruz of Peru’s IMARPE marine life agency said about 220 dead dolphins were found in the last week of January, the rest during the previous three weeks.
De la Cruz said autopsy results are expected in two weeks. Exams will focus on lungs, kidneys and livers.
Autopsies of some of the more than 870 dolphins found in 2012 were inconclusive. Speculation ranged from biotoxins in the sea to seismic testing to an unknown ailment.
Yuri Hooker, director of the marine biology unit at Cayetano Heredia University, told The Associated Press that in other parts of the world dolphin deaths generally are caused by environmental contamination when the sea mammals eat fish or other smaller species filled with toxins. Hooker said others die after ingesting discarded plastic floating in the sea.
The marine biologist said determining the death of dolphins is “complicated” in Peru because government laboratories have only three or four of the world’s 100 or so chemical reagents that can be used for determining the animals’ cause of death
CNN May 23, 2012
Official: ‘Natural causes’ behind dolphin deaths in Peru
Lima, Peru (CNN) — Hundreds of dolphins that washed up on Peruvian shores died of natural causes, a government official said in a radio interview Tuesday.
“One of the things that we can confirm is that … the deaths of the dolphins were not caused by any human activity, and this is a very important subject,” Peruvian Production Minister Gladys Triveno told RPP Radio.
Government investigators have also ruled out theories that bacteria or a virus could be behind the deaths, she said, adding that further details would be revealed in a report from the Sea Institute of Peru released Tuesday.
“It is natural causes. It is a natural death, and also the report explains the process of natural selection. Let’s say that the species that are more prepared, the dolphins that are more prepared, are those that are going to survive,” Triveno said. “And this happens periodically. This is not the first time it has happened. And it is not only happening in Peru, but also has happened in New Zealand, in Australia, in other countries where these phenomena happen.”
According to the report, authorities sent specimens to no fewer than four laboratories for a battery of tests.
The results ruled out a number of theories of the cause of death. Hunger, interaction with fishermen, pesticides, bacterial infections, viral infections and heavy metals contamination were all ruled out.
The appearance of nearly 900 dead dolphins in a 220-kilometer (137-mile) area in northern Peru so far this year, and the deaths of thousands of pelicans there and in neighboring Chile, have sparked concern among local residents and environmentalists.
At least one Peruvian environmental group has said loud sounds from nearby oil exploration could be to blame for the dolphins’ deaths.
“We see that in their bodies there are air bubbles caused by heavy pressure. These animals are underwater holding their breath, facing a sudden and violent noise. These animals release nitrogen, and this forms the bubbles that end up destroying living cells,” Carlos Yaipen-Llanos of the Scientific Organization for the Conservation of Aquatic Animals told CNN en Español this month.
Government officials have dismissed that assessment, arguing that it is not supported by evidence.
The report explained that the dead dolphins began washing up on the shore before the seismic activity started and that similar activity in the past has not been linked to marine deaths.
This month, Peruvian authorities said warm waters off that country’s coast were to blame for the deaths of more than 5,000 marine birds.
The Peruvian Ministry of Environment said seafood is still safe to eat and encouraged everyone to continue to support local fishermen, according to the state-run Andina news agency.
The report suggested some courses of action, including the creation of a task force among multiple agencies to implement programs for caring for the marine ecosystem.
It also called for an awareness campaign about Peruvian ocean life and its conservation, aimed at the general public.
The dolphin deaths in Peru mark the third set of high-profile strandings in the past several months.
In February, 179 dolphins –108 of which were dead — washed ashore in Cape Cod, in the eastern United States, according to the International Fund for Animal Welfare. Marine biologists are still trying to determine the cause of those deaths.
In early March, amateur video taken from a beach in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, showed more than 30 dolphins on shore. In that instance, all the dolphins were safely returned to the sea.
- NEW: Tests rule out pesticides, heavy metals, hunger, fishing, viruses, bacteria as causes
- NEW: Report rejects theory that man-made seismic activity is to blame
- Deaths of hundreds of dolphins “not caused by any human activity,” official says
- “This happens periodically. And it is not only happening in Peru,” production minister says